Who is at risk of glaucoma?

Glaucoma Risk Factors

Glaucoma can occur at any age from birth onwards. Glaucoma in babies and children is rare and is usually the result of genetics or problems in the way the eyes developed before birth.

In adult life glaucoma begins to get more and more common from the age of 40 onwards. People who have a close relative (parent, brother, sister or child) with a history of glaucoma are at more risk as are people of black African or black Caribbean descent.

People who have high levels of myopia, people with diabetes, high eye pressure or enlarged optic nerves are also at greater risk of developing glaucoma, as are people who have had significant eye injuries in the past.

Steroid tablets or eye drops and a number of other medications may can predispose patients to glaucoma.

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